Te Mata Hautū Taketake - the Māori and Indigenous Governance Centre is a new research centre within Te Piringa - Faculty of Law at the University of Waikato. The aims of the Centre include: (1) Meeting currently unmet demands for cutting edge qua lity research on Māori governance best practice models; and (2) Building a body of knowledge and wisdom to help improve Māori governance. The Centre’s vision is to improve Māori governance generally, whether it concerns Māori trusts and incorporations, asset holding companies, iwi organisations, post - settlement governance entities, marae and hapū committees and Indigenous Peoples’ organisations globally. In furtherance of this vision, providing research on the current situation of Māori governance entities in Aotearoa New Zealand is of paramount importance. This literature review seeks to provide an overview of the literature regarding Māori governance generally, paying careful attention to those structures, processes and systems that incorporate tikanga and mātauranga Māori, referred to in this review as traditional Māori governance. The literature review will also briefly address literature regarding transactional Māori governance with its economic imperatives, and transformational Māori governance whose focus should be on improving the general social, cultural, political and economic well - being of the Māori community the entity represents.